The Honolulu City Council considered on Dec. 4, and passed, a bill (Bill 55) that could drastically hoist the real property tax rate on owners of bed and breakfast homes. The bill is now on Mayor Caldwell’s desk for consideration. We have received quite a few inquiries about this bill.
The bill would create a new rate class for bed and breakfast homes. It would also classify other transient vacation rental units as “hotel and resort” for property tax purposes. Most homes are classified as “residential” which is taxed at $3.50 per $1,000 of net taxable value. The “hotel and resort” classification is taxed at $13.90, nearly four times as much. There is currently no rate set for “bed and breakfast homes,” but some of the testifiers suggested that it should be at or close to the rate for hotels and resorts.
The bill, furthermore, appears to apply the classification for the whole year, and it doesn’t seem to matter how much of the year the unit was actually rented.
For a home valued at $750,000, then, renting out a room or two for part of the year could cost the host family an additional $7,800 or so in property tax for the year (750 x (13.90-3.50) = 7800.) That’s $650 a month whether the unit is rented or not, which could be a very tough nut to crack. Many of the testifiers on the bill have bemoaned this consequence.
And let’s not forget Bill 89 of 2018, now known as Ordinance 2019-18, which we have written about before. It is now illegal to operate a transient rental unit, or a bed and breakfast home, unless you have a “nonconforming use certificate” that grandfathers you in or you are in a resort zoned area. (Bill 55 doesn’t affect the tax classification of such grandfathered properties.) If you are running a bed and breakfast home and you are not in one of these grandfathered categories, you need to be registered or face the possibility of being slapped with massive fines (up to $10,000 per day). And registration won’t even be available to anyone until at least October 2020 while the City gets its act together. But, of course, there is no exception to the registration requirement for “the City needs to get its act together,” so if you are running such a business you need to shut down.
All these consequences are set to befall homeowners who live on their property (this is one of the requirements of a bed and breakfast home) and try to earn a little extra money to make ends meet, at least according to the testimony on file.
Maybe instead of trying to make life intolerable for those homeowners trying to conduct a legal business, they should be going after the scofflaws. Whether or not this bill becomes law, there will be folks who will choose to operate under the radar. They won’t pay transient accommodations taxes. They won’t pay GET. They probably won’t even tell the authorities that they are conducting this business. Honolulu City Council, what are we doing to catch these bad actors and bring them to justice?
Instead, the Council is doggedly pushing ahead with this bill.
Fweeeee! Penalty flag! “You chumps really piled on there. Well, that’s going to cost you fifteen yards!”
(It’s the Hawaii State Tax Watch Doggie in a referee’s uniform? And how did he manage to blow that whistle?)